British Rail: A New History

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British Rail: A New History

British Rail: A New History

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A further British Rail report from a committee chaired by Sir David Serpell was published in 1983. The Serpell Report made no recommendations as such but did set out various options for the network, including, at their most extreme, a skeletal system of less than 2,000 route km (1,240 miles). This report was not welcomed, and the government decided to quietly leave it on the shelf. Meanwhile, BR was gradually reorganised, with the regional structure finally being abolished and replaced with business-led sectors. [ citation needed] This process, known as "sectorisation", led to far greater customer focus on the dedicated sectors. Crafts, Nicholas, Timothy Leunig, and Abay Mulatu. "Were British railway companies well managed in the early twentieth century? " Economic History Review 61.4 (2008): 842-866. online

As Wolmar shows, however, uncertainty is nothing new where trains are concerned. The railways have been in almost permanent crisis since 1948, when the Big Four, the handful of companies that had dominated the interwar railways, were brought into public ownership by Clement Attlee’s Labour government. Indeed, crisis as much as ideology lay behind railway nationalisation. Overuse and underinvestment during the war years, not to mention the depredations of the Luftwaffe, had left the railways in a threadbare state and the Big Four effectively bankrupt. Accidents were not always investigated in depth if it was felt an investigation was unlikely to lead to a report suggesting corrective measures. Baker, Stuart K. (1988) [1977]. Rail Atlas Great Britain & Ireland (5thed.). Yeovil: Oxford Publishing Co. p.40. ISBN 0-86093-419-5. T419. See also: History of rail transport in Great Britain 1995 to date, Privatisation of British Rail, and Impact of the privatisation of British Rail EWS Railway—Company History". Archived from the original on 30 September 2006 . Retrieved 26 November 2006.The fall and rise of Britain's railways". Rail Staff News. 19 December 2013. Archived from the original on 11 November 2016 . Retrieved 11 November 2016. Welsby, John. "Railway Services for Rural Areas". Japan Railway & Transport Review (9): 12–17. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016 . Retrieved 27 November 2015. A new state-owned Great British Railways is on the horizon, though its nature and its degree of autonomy from the Department for Transport are still far from clear. Wolmar is The LNER Class A4 streamlined loco hauled express trains of the 1930s offered a high-speed alternative to road transport Gourvish, Terence Richard. Railways and the British economy, 1830–1914 (Macmillan International Higher Education, 1980).

Dowd, Steven (May 1999). "The Liverpool & Manchester Railway". Journal of the International Bond & Share Society. Archived from the original on 8 October 2006 . Retrieved 24 November 2006. Is the British Rail logo a design icon?". BBC News. Archived from the original on 20 December 2015 . Retrieved 20 December 2015. Gourvish, Terence R. "A British Business Elite: the chief executive managers of the railway industry, 1850–1922." Business History Review 47.3 (1973): 289-316. Her Majesty's Government (1947). "Transport Act 1947". Her Majesty's Stationery Office. Archived from the original on 25 March 2012 . Retrieved 25 November 2006– via The Railways Archive. Gye, Hugo (11 February 2020). "Keir Starmer promises to abolish tuition fees and nationalise industries if he becomes PM". i.The rail transport system in Great Britain developed during the 19th century. After the grouping of 1923 under the Railways Act 1921, there were four large railway companies, each dominating its own geographic area: the Great Western Railway (GWR), the London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS), the London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) and the Southern Railway (SR). During World War I, the railways were under state control, which continued until 1921. Complete nationalisation had been considered, and the Railways Act 1921 [3] is sometimes considered as a precursor to that, but the concept was rejected. Nationalisation was subsequently carried out after World War II, under the Transport Act 1947. This Act made provision for the nationalisation of the network as part of a policy of nationalising public services by Clement Attlee's Labour Government. British Railways came into existence as the business name of the Railway Executive of the British Transport Commission (BTC) on 1 January 1948 when it took over the assets of the Big Four. [4] Rail passengers in Great Britain from 1829 to 2023 Class 87 electric locomotive and Mark 3 coaches operated by franchisee Virgin Trains British government announces plans for major railway sector reform". International Railway Journal. 20 May 2021.

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